Menstruation is a period in womanhood that involves the regular discharge of blood and mucosal tissue from the inner lining of the uterus through the vagina. The menstrual cycle is characterized by the rise and fall of hormones. Menstruation is triggered by falling progesterone levels and is a sign that pregnancy has not occurred.

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What causes menstruation?

The ovaries release the female hormones estrogen and progesterone . These hormones cause the lining of the uterus (or womb) to build up. The built-up lining is ready for a fertilised egg to attach to and start developing. If there is no fertilised egg, the lining breaks down and bleeds.

What happens during menstruation?

Once the egg leaves your ovary, it travels through one of your fallopian tubes toward your uterus. If pregnancy doesn’t happen, your body doesn’t need the thick lining in your uterus. Your lining breaks down, and the blood, nutrients, and tissue flow out of your body through your vagina.

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Sarah Omotolani

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How many days is menstruation?

The first day of a woman’s period is day 1 of the menstrual cycle. Periods last around 2 to 7 days, and women lose about 20 to 90 ml (about 1 to 5 tablespoons) of blood in a period. Some women bleed more heavily than this, but help is available if heavy periods are a problem. Find out about heavy periods.

What causes your period to come early?

Your period may come early due to changes in your hormone levels. This can occur due to puberty, perimenopause, certain medications, stress, or various health conditions. Everyone’s menstrual cycle is different. Your cycle starts on the first day of your current period and ends on the first day of your next period.

What happens to your body when you’re on your period?

Menstruation is a woman’s monthly bleeding, often called your “period.” When you menstruate, your body discards the monthly buildup of the lining of your uterus (womb). Menstrual blood and tissue flow from your uterus through the small opening in your cervix and pass out of your body through your vagina.

Why do periods hurt?

During your menstrual period, your uterus contracts to help expel its lining. Hormonelike substances (prostaglandins) involved in pain and inflammation trigger the uterine muscle contractions. Higher levels of prostaglandins are associated with more-severe menstrual cramps.

Can a woman get pregnant during menstruation?

If you have sex without using contraception at any time during your menstrual cycle, including during or just after your period, there’s a chance you could get pregnant. You can also get pregnant if you have never had a period before, during your first period, or after the first time you have sex.

What are period symptoms and how do I deal with them?

Cramps (pain in your lower belly or lower back)
Bloating (when your belly feels puffy)
Breakouts (getting pimples)
Sore breasts.
Feeling tired.
Mood swings (when your emotions change quickly or you feel sad, angry, or anxious)

How many days does a normal period last?

Menstrual bleeding might happen every 21 to 35 days and last 2 to 7 days. For the first few years after menstruation begins, long cycles are common. However, menstrual cycles tend to shorten and become more regular as people age.

How many days does it take to menstruate?

Normal menstrual bleeding has the following features: Your period lasts for 3-8 days. Your period comes again every 21-35 days (measured from the first day of one’s period to the first day of the next)

What to avoid in periods?

Diets you should avoid during menstruation
Salty / High sodium foods. Eating too much salty or high sodium foods can cause water retention, edema and bloating.
Sweets / High sugar foods. …
Caffeine / Tea / Coffee. …
Alcohols. …
Piquant and Spicy foods. …
Meat / Red Meat such as beef or pork.

Why do females eat a lot while on their period?

There is good evidence that progestogens, such as progesterone, can stimulate appetite. Levels of this sex hormone reach their peak about one week before menstruation begins, which can help explain pre-period munchies. In a similar vein, while BMR decreases during menstruation, it rises to its maximum just prior to it.

Which fruit is best during periods?

Best foods that help with period cramps
Citrus fruits, like oranges and lemons.

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